Chlamydial pelvic infection – an infection caused by bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis, is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases or STD. Although both the sexes are affected by this disease, young women are more at risk. The cervix in a woman’s body is the most common site of the infection, and as a result, she may suffer from serious inflammation of the reproductive organs. While in men, the said infection is the most common reason for non-gonococcal urethritis.
Chlamydia is transmitted from one person to another through unprotected sex or genital contact with an infected partner. If a pregnant lady is suffering from chlamydia, there is a high risk of the baby coming in contact with chlamydial infection at the time of delivery, and as a result, the baby may develop conjunctivitis or even a lung infections.
Chlamydia often goes unnoticed, as there are hardly any symptoms. As a result, a woman doesn’t get to know whether she is affected by the bacteria or not, and transmits the disease unknowingly. If at all the symptoms appear, they may include:
- pain in the lower abdomen
- unusual vaginal discharge
- bleeding after sex or between periods
- pain on deep penetration during sex
- frequent and painful passage of urine
If left untreated, the illness may cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), inflammation of the cervix, fallopian tubes, and Bartholin’s glands. In the early stages of pregnancy, if the woman gets infected by chlamydia, it can lead to miscarriage or premature birth of the baby.
Usually, this is a symptomless disease and often goes unnoticed. Therefore, it is important for the sexually active women, especially those with multiple partners, to regularly go for check ups to avoid any complications. In women, diagnosis is confirmed by a urine test or by a swab taken from the cervix or vagina. If tested positive, a single dose or a longer course of antibiotics is effective and enough to treat the chlamydia infection. It is advisable that the partner of the infected individual should also go for the tests.
An attack of chlamydia and its treatment do not immunise the body against this bacterial infection. Therefore, one must follow practices for safe sex to reduce the risk of getting affected by this disease. Transmission of chlamydia can be successfully prevented by:
- being faithful to one partner and avoiding sex with multiple partners.
- using condoms every time one has vaginal or anal sex.
- not having sex till the doctor confirms that one is completely free from chlamydia.
- using water-based lubricants so that they don’t damage the rubber in condoms.
- avoiding any sexual activity that may damage a condom.