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Pregnancy

Pregnancy

For a woman, the joy of nurturing a life in her womb is beyond expression. And when a woman is pregnant, her body gives some indications that confirm the pregnancy. They may include:

Missing your period
A missed period is one of the signs indicating that the woman may be pregnant. There are chances that some women may experience implantation bleeding at the time of the period, but the bleeding may be for a shorter duration than a normal period. Hence, your gynaecologist will always insist that you recall the first day/date of your period when you last menstruated normally (normal period).
Home pregnancy tests can be used to confirm your pregnancy if you have missed your period.

Morning sickness/ nausea/ vomiting
These are the most common signs, usually experienced during early stages of pregnancy. However, not all women suffer from morning sickness. It has been derived that nearly 50% of the expectant mothers may experience morning sickness. It may either be just a feeling of nausea or there may even be vomiting. A severe form of morning sickness is called hyperemesis gravidarum. It is important to be cautious about this condition, as it leads to dehydration, and may further cause many health problems.

Vaginal discharge
During pregnancy, there may be a considerable increase in vaginal secretions. The vagina produces a discharge to block the opening of your cervix and protect the foetus from various infections. However, the pregnant woman has to check if the discharge does not leave behind a burning sensation, itch or smell. If it does, there are strong chances of vaginal infection; she should see the doctor as soon as possible.

Changes in the breasts
You may experience breast tenderness nearly every month during the pre-menstrual period. Similarly, breast soreness or tenderness is a common symptom during pregnancy. The breasts become so sensitive that even a mild touch becomes painful. Breast tenderness usually goes away when the expectant mothers enter the second trimester.

Another change that occurs in the breasts if you are pregnant is increase in their size, which occurs because hormones, mainly oestrogen, are preparing the breasts for milk production. The breast also produce colostrum (thin, yellowish liquid) during the last few weeks of pregnancy and during the first few weeks after delivering the baby. Colostrum is considered to be the first and the most important baby food.

Swelling
Swelling of few parts of the body is a common symptom seen in a pregnant woman. As there could be any reason behind this condition, it is important to see the gynaecologist before any conclusion is made.

Headaches
Changes in hormones or fluctuation in the hormone levels may cause severe headache during pregnancy.

Hynophobia is the fear of sleep or of being hypnotized