Stomach, one of the most vital organs of the digestive system. Involved in the second phase of digestion, stomach digests the food by secreting protein digesting enzymes and strong acids to facilitate the digestion process. Any disturbance, inflammation or infection in or around stomach causes stomach ache.
Stomach pain may be experienced anywhere between the chest and groin, and is usually due to inflammation in stomach or organs around stomach like small intestine, liver, colon, pancreas, gallbladder and spleen. Thus, the term stomach pain or abdominal pain is usually referred to the pain originating from the organs within the abdominal cavity. Irritation or inflammation in areas like uterus, ovaries and kidney too lead to stomach ache.
Sometimes, for stomach ache/pain, the cause is minor and the reason trivial. Just ignoring the ache would act as a remedy. However, if your stomach aches for a longer period of time, that too frequently, it is advisable to see your doctor, and get it diagnosed.
Symptoms of Stomach Pain
Besides the ache, there are various other symptoms of stomach pain:
- Burning sensation in stomach
- Loss of appetite
- Dysentery with blood
- Acid reflux
Causes of Stomach Pain:
There are various causes for stomach or abdominal pain. Few are minor and have no significance, while for other causes abdominal pain may be a symptom of a major trouble or unfavourable changes in the body. Mentioned below are common causes due to which one suffers from stomach pain:
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Food poisoning
- Excessive gas
- Urinary tract infection
- Menstrual cramps
- Pain after delivery
Treatment for Stomach Pain
If the pain/ ache is a minor one, you can practice few homely remedies on a day-to-day basis to relieve this pain. If you encounter a severe pain that lasts for a longer duration of time, you need to consult your doctor and undergo medical treatment. Given below are a few things you can do to avoid stomach related problems:
- Intake of plenty of water will ensure smooth bowel movements and relieve you of gas troubles and constipation.
- Green leafy vegetables and fruits are rich in fibre content and are considered good for digestion.
- If possible avoid or lessen the intake of processed food like cheese, dairy products, chocolates, spicy food, caffeine, and alcohol.
- People who suffer from constipation should avoid smoking.
- Regularise your digestive cycle by walking, a regular exercise regime or Yoga.