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Dental Pains

Toothache
The term ‘toothache’ refers to the pain around the jaws and teeth. When the nerve root of a tooth is irritated due to any reason the person suffers from mild to severe toothache. Extraction of teeth, infection, decay, injury, cavities, emergence of wisdom teeth etc. are the major reasons for toothache. Also, inflamed pulpitis – the pulp of the tooth causes toothache, and if such condition is ignored, the person may further suffer from severe dental pain.

Causes

Cavities: Dental cavity is the prime reason for toothache. While the small and shallow cavities are least likely to cause pain, the deeper and larger cavities can become extremely painful.

Gum disease: Next to cavities, gum disease is the second major reason for dental pain. In the absence of dental hygiene and irregular removal of bacteria a person suffers from gun diseases.

Exposed tooth root: The lower two-third part of the tooth is safely buried in the bone and is not exposed. But the bacterial toxins can dissolve this protective shield of bone, and thus, the sensitive roots are exposed to all types of foods, and this causes dental pain.

Cracked tooth: Apart from cavities and gum disease, biting or chewing something hard can cause cracked tooth. Such fractured tooth can cause severe dental ache.

Emergence of a tooth: When teeth are growing out, the person suffers from severe pain, as the gum surrounding them may become swollen or inflamed.

Poor oral hygiene: It is a must to maintain good oral hygiene otherwise it causes and aggravates dental problems.

Symptoms

  • Developing sensitivity for hot and cold items.
  • Problems and/or feeling pain while biting and chewing food.
  • Bleeding from the area around the teeth and gum.
  • Swollen jaw or swelling around the teeth.

Treatment

Avoid very hot or cold food items.
If the toothache is caused by decay, the dentist will replace the decayed area with a filling.
If the reason for the pain is broken tooth or filling, the dentist will re-fill the affected area with fresh filling.
Root canal treatment is prescribed when the pulp of the tooth is infected.
When the problem is not solved through above mentioned methods or the tooth is imparted, the doctor may take out the tooth altogether.

Prevention

  • Try to maintain a balanced and healthy diet. Avoid too much sugar and sweets, as bacteria thrive on them.
  • Avoid chewing food items that get stuck between teeth.
  • Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush after every meal.
  • Don’t forget to brush your tongue and gums as well.
  • One can prevent tooth decay with fluoride, which can be found in water and vegetables.
  • Get your teeth examined and cleaned by a dentist every six months.
  • Wear a protective dental guard or headgear while playing sports to help avoid injury
  • Don’t smoke, it may worsen the situation.
  • Clean the portion between your teeth using dental floss. A mouthwash can also be used for this purpose.

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