All the muscles and bones in the body together form the musculo-skeletal system. This system enables locomotion in human beings with the help of muscles and skeletal system. As this system is responsible for providing support and form to the body, chances of wear and tear due to accident or over-usage of a particular part of the body are high. The pain experienced in the bones, muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons and nerves is known as orthopaedic pain.
Orthopaedic pain is usually diagnosed during the middle or later stage of life. However, today, orthopaedic pain is commonly found among youngsters (in the age bracket of 20 to 35 years), who are common victims of lifestyle disorders like back pain, cervical pain, knee pain, arthritis, frozen shoulder etc. And the trouble is going to rise by the day as according to the warning by The World Health Organisation, ‘more than 270 million people are susceptible to falling victims to diseases related to unhealthy lifestyle’. And as India and China are emerging superpowers, the suffering rate is likely to be higher in these two countries. The fact: long working hours in sedentary jobs and no time to exercise acts as a catalyst to orthopaedic pain.
Various types of Orthopaedic Pain:
- Cervical Spondylitis: Commonly known as neck pain, cervical spondylitis restricts the movement of neck due to inflammation in the spaces in neck vertebra. This can be mainly due to age-related degenerative changes.
- Spondylitis: Severe pain due to inflammation of the vertebra column or spine is known as spondylitis.
- Lumbar Pain: Lumbar pain is commonly known as low back pain. It is a common musculoskeletal disorder, affecting nearly 80% of people at some point in their lives. Improper posture, weight-lifting, sedentary jobs, driving are few common causes of lumbar pain.
- Arthritis: People who suffer from arthritis experience pain due to damaged joints due to trauma, accident, infection or age. There are around 100 different types of arthritis that can affect different parts of the body like fingers, wrist, knees, hips, foot, ankle, etc.
- Plantar heel pain: Commonly encountered orthopaedic problem, plantar heel pain can cause significant discomfort and a limp due to difficulty in bearing weight of the body.
Causes of Orthopaedic Pain:
Our lifestyle has a great impact on our health. Your health – good or bad, is because of your way of eating, sleeping and working. Below mentioned are few common causes that are responsible for generating orthopaedic pain in the body:
- Sedentary job & lengthy working hours
- Improper sitting posture
- Improper sleeping posture
- Limited movement of body
- Excessive usage of a particular joint/ part of the body
- Lifting weight
- Prolonged driving
- Lack of exercise
- Lack of nutrition
- Any kind of damage caused due to accident or trauma
The above mentioned causes can be prevented through proper exercise and supplying adequate nutrients. However, if not prevented, they can definitely be treated by taking proper care. As far as healing orthopaedic pain is concerned, rest is the sure shot therapy. Besides this, below mentioned are few tried and tested treatments to relieve orthopaedic pain:
- Heat Application
- Use of orthopaedic supports like splints, stabilizers, braces, caps and collars