Mania is a Greek word meaning madness. In medical terms it can be described as an elevated state of moods. Mania is also combined with symptoms of depression. A maniac behaviour can be a symptom of bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, schizo affective disorder, other similar psychotic disorders, drug intoxication or substance abuse, multiple sclerosis or a side effect of steroidal medications. It is very essential for the person suffering from the condition as well as his family and friends to understand that there is some problem that needs medical intervention and proper treatment.
Mixed mania: Mixed mania can be identified by mixed symptoms of mania and depression. People suffering from this form need immediate attention and treatment, as there are high chances of such a person causing self injury.
Hypo-mania: It is a milder form of mania and does not impair daily life or functioning. An elevated mood and energy can sometimes be seen as beneficial but in some cases it can also lead to suicidal tendencies, and hence, need to be addressed as soon as possible.
There are also specific types of mania like kleptomania in which the patient has a compulsive urge to steal, pyromania in which the patient gains satisfaction by setting things on fire, etc.
The symptoms of the condition can be many and they differ from person to person. However, some of the common symptoms and behaviour a maniac exhibits are as follows:
- Extreme mood swings
- Racing thoughts
- Odd and eccentric behaviour
- Reduced sleep
- Grandiose notions
- Unnecessary over-spending
- Over excitement and anxiety
- Lack of ability to sustain attention
- Depression and suicidal tendencies
- Can cause self harm
- Physical symptoms such as sweating and weight loss
- Need to speak constantly
- Patient can also become sexually hyper-active and display reckless sexual behaviour
- Illusions and paranoia
- A maniac may also exhibit symptoms of being over-abusive
- Speech might be incoherent and thinking illogical
The exact cause of mania cannot be pinpointed. However, some of the various factors that are said to trigger the attacks include:
- Various psychotic disorders and neurological disorders.
- A person can exhibit maniac behaviour under the influence of alcohol, drugs and substance abuse
- It is also caused due to deficiency of vitamin B12
- Various neuropsychiatric medications such as antidepressants are also responsible for mania
Mania is usually and typically treated with mood stabilizers, anti-convulsants, and anti-psychotic medications. The treatment should be monitored by specialized doctors and psychologists. When the initial maniac behaviour disappears the patient can be given psychological counselling and care. Medications are the most effective when other underlying diseases are also treated along with the maniac behaviour of the patient.