Children with specific learning disabilities are as intelligent as their peers, if not more. But they have trouble learning certain subjects such as mathematics, and as a result they perform poorly at school. Dyslexia is one such disability, which affects a child’s ability to write or read. It affects coordination, especially finely controlled movements, and leads to clumsiness. Specific learning disabilities affect about 15% of the children and are more common in boys. Most of the times the reason responsible for a specific learning disability is not known. However, it may be due to a genetic issue or some problems with vision or hearing capacity of the child.
If the parents and teachers observe the behaviour pattern minutely, specific learning disabilities can be identified in early childhood. The symptoms often include:
- Problem telling left from right
- Problems dealing with mathematics, and/or reading and writing
- Poor hand-eye coordination
- Difficulty engaging in sports and other physical activities
- Extreme shyness or aggression
What might be done?
If the parents feel that their child may be suffering from a specific learning disability, the child’s hearing and eye-sight should be checked to identify the presence of a physical condition that may be causing difficulty in learning. Simultaneously, a full assessment of the child’s developmental skills and academics should also be made.
It requires a lot of patience and compassion on the part of the parents and teachers to help their child get rid of his/her learning disabilities and learn different subjects. If impaired vision or hearing is responsible for the learning disabilities, it can be treated successfully. However, in some cases, the boy/girl may continue to suffer throughout his/her life.