Arthritis is one of the most common joint disorder, which due to degenerative conditions, results into pain, inflammation, swelling and stiffness in joints. It may also be linked with disorders such as psoriasis and Crohn’s disease.
It is categorised, according to its characteristics, into:
- Osteoarthritis is the most common form or the disorder, which often involves the knees, hips and hands. Usually, the middle-aged and older people are affected by osteoarthritis.
- Rheumatoid arthritis leads to severe inflammation in the joints and other body tissues, such as membranous heart covering, lungs and eyes.
- Reactive arthritis is developed in people after they have had an infection in the genital tract or intestines. If you suffer from reactive arthritis, you may commonly suffer from inflammation in an ankle or a knee.
- Gout and pseudo-gout are types wherein the crystals are deposited in a joint, resulting in swelling and pain.
- Septic arthritis is a relatively rare condition. It is usually seen in cases where an infection enters or affects a joint either through a wound or from the bloodstream.
The treatment of arthritis depends on its type. To get a quick relief from the pain, you may take pain-killers like paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Although you may not get permanent relief from the pain, physiotherapy can solve your problem to a great extent. It may keep the joints mobile and strengthen surrounding muscles. In case of severe injury to the joints, you may have to undergo a surgery and get it replaced – often called joint replacement.