Hyperacidity, also known as acid dyspepsia, is generally a result of incorrect and irregular eating habits and is one of the common ailments seen in people from cities and metros. Our stomach contains acids that aid in the process of digestion of food. The stomach has a regenerative lining that protects the muscles of the stomach from coming in contact with these acids. But when the level of these digestive acids rises above the required one, the acids start to erode the lining faster, and the stomach muscles become exposed. As the acids start acting upon the stomach muscles, there is a burning sensation, and this condition is known as hyperacidity. If the condition is not controlled, it might even lead to perforation of the lining of the stomach and other major disorders.

The symptoms of hyperacidity may vary in severity. These symptoms may be most prominently seen a couple of hours after having a meal.

  • Nausea and vomiting (may expel blood in extreme cases)
  • Sour belching and flatulence
  • Atonic dyspepsia (stiffness in stomach)
  • Indigestion and constipation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Steady pain in the abdomen
  • Feeling of restlessness

A person may suffer from hyperacidity due to several causes ranging from lifestyle, eating habits, various underlying diseases, and administration of certain medications. Some of the main causes of the condition include:

  • Regular consumption of spicy food, which is high in fats
  • Irregular eating habits
  • Excessive fasting and starving
  • Alcoholism and smoking
  • Stress and related disorders
  • Peptic ulcers
  • GERD (Gastro Oesophageal Reflux Disease)
  • Stomach cancer

Hyperacidity can be typically identified by its symptoms. Further investigations for determining the cause can be done by conducting a detailed endoscopy of the oesophagus and stomach. Medications such as antacids (for temporary relief), H2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitor are also prescribed by doctors to control hyperacidity. If a peptic ulcer is responsible for hyperacidity, a surgery may be advised. However, the best way to avoid, control and treat hyperacidity is to bring in changes in your lifestyle and eating healthy food.

Self help tips
Being particular about the food you eat and altering your lifestyle are the only long term cures for hyper acidity. Certain self help measures for managing the disorder include:

  • Eat well-cooked, less spicy food
  • Eat small portions of food at regular intervals
  • Avoid food items that are difficult to digest or cause flatulence
  • Avoid foods like tamarind, lemon juice, etc., as they are acidic
  • Reduce smoking and consumption of alcohol
  • Regularize your sleeping pattern
  • If you are suffering from stress and tension try to overcome them by practicing meditation and yoga

By the age of 60 years, around 60% of men and 40% of women start snoring