Lettuce, which belongs to the sunflower family, is most commonly used in salads, soups, sandwiches, and wraps. Packed with nutrients, it provides a range of health benefits. Having just 15 calories per 100 gm, the green, leafy lettuce can be listed as one of the most weight-loss friendly vegetables. Rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, riboflavin and beta carotene, it is an excellent antioxidant helping the body to get rid of harmful pro-inflammatory free radicals. It helps to develop immunity and protects against agents causing infections. Eating lettuce is also good for your skin and mucous membranes. Zea-xanthin, a dietary carotenoid present in lettuce, maintains the health of eyes by preventing eye problems like age-related macular disease (ARMD).
Lettuce is a good source of minerals like iron, calcium, copper, magnesium and potassium that are very essential in body metabolism. Lettuce keeps your heart healthy, controls heart rate and blood pressure, and aids red blood cell formation as well. People suffering from osteoporosis should positively include the vegetable in their daily diet, as it is rich in vitamin K and is thought to increase the bone mass and maintain healthy bones. Fresh lettuce leaves also contain folates. They are responsible for DNA synthesis and play a pivotal role in prevention of neural tube defects during pregnancy. Chew some lettuce before you eat a meal; the lettuce creates a film over the teeth and thus prevents the teeth from staining.