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Diarrhoea also spelt as diarrhea, is defined by the WHO as the condition of having three or more loose or liquid bowel movements per day, or, as having more stools than is normal for that person. Severe diarrhoea leads to fluid loss, and may be life-threatening, particularly in young children and people who are malnourished or have impaired immunity.

 Home Remedies:

In the case of fire, your aim is two-fold: Control the damage and put out the fire. Similarly, here you have to stem dehydration and stop the toilet runs. Now, here are a few tested remedies that help stave off dehydration and avoid further complications.

  • Cleanliness first. Keep the cooking and dining area clean and free from things that encourage growth of bacteria. Wash your hands with a disinfectant soap before cooking and eating.

  • Rehydrate frequently. Diarrhoea also leads to dehydration as the body rids of plenty of fluid. Drink water frequently to keep dehydration at bay.

  • Tannins are good for diarrhoea. Drink lot of black tea with sugar. Tea, while is known to rehydrate the body and also contains astringent tannins that help reduce intestinal inflammation. It also blocks the absorption of toxins. Sugar in the tea promotes absorption of sodium and water, thus keeping away dehydration.

  • Replace your body’s supply of water and electrolytes – essentially sodium, potassium and chloride. Prepare an electrolyte drink by mixing half a teaspoon of salt and 4 teaspoons of sugar into one litre of water. Perk it up a little some orange juice or lemon juice for potassium. Have this, a litre a day, to keep dehydration at bay.

  • Blackberries, rich in tannins, have been used effectively used since a long time for diarrhoea. Boil 1.5 grams of blackberry leaves in one cup of water. Leave it for 10 minutes and strain the contents. Have this tea two to three times a day till you get all right.

  • Tea made from raspberry leaves is highly recommended. It is rich in minerals and some vitamins.

  • Try having capsules of goldenseal root to ease the sufferings. These capsules can help rid you of the bacteria – E. coli, which cause diarrhoea. The active compound ‘berberine’ is so effective that goldenseal is also referred as ‘herbal antibiotic’. However, avoid goldenseal in case of pregnancy or presence of high blood pressure.

  • Stick to the BRAT diet – banana, rice, apple puree and toast. Besides being bland and soothing, banana and apple puree contain pectin. Pectin absorbs excess fluid in the intestine, binds loose stools and slows down the passage of stool.

  • To rehydrate you may have fruit juices moderately, because it contains large amount of fructose. Many find it difficult to digest fructose even when they have a healthy digestive system.

  • Like apple and banana, carrots too are a soothing source of pectin. Cook carrots until they becomes soft, blend it after mixing some water and make puree. Have 1-2 tablespoons of it every hour.

  • Increase your intake of fluids to avoid dehydration. Eat foods like vegetable stock, chicken stock or jelly, that do not have solid content.

  • Banish foods like beans, cabbage, lettuce and sprouts for a while. These foods are rich in roughage and are hard to digest. They also create wind and bloating that may only worsen your condition when you are suffering from diarrhoea.

  • Then there’s this Chinese remedy: mix two teaspoons of brown sugar to the paste of two cloves of garlic. Boil it in a cup of water and drink it 2-3 times a day. Garlic, a known anti-bacterial may rid the bacteria that cause diarrhoea.

  • In case of children, it is good to feed them with banana for few days and avoid milk and milk products. However, yoghurt is exceptional; as it contains beneficial bacteria that can help you to recover.

  • If you are a frequent traveller and want to avoid being a victim of diarrhoea / dehydration in a foreign land, consume only packaged water or other drinks. Prefer freshly cooked and piping hot food. If you can, have a glass of wine with meals. Going by the lab experiments, wine kills the bacteria that cause traveller’s diarrhoea.

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