Traditional Chinese medicine is based on the principles of yin (negative) and yang (positive), and is based on the premise that every part of the human body is connected to the other and has a self-healing potential that can be tapped whenever required. It has been developed over the course of more than 5000 years, and is unique because of its complete theoretical framework, diagnostic methods, pharmacology and special methods of treatment, which include acupuncture and moxibustion, deep breathing, and medical massage.
Traditional Chinese Medicine is based on the principles of internal balance and harmony, and this truly refined and complex discipline works to regenerate the body’s organs and systems, including:
Traditional Chinese medicine views each human as a mini-ecosystem that shares common traits with the earth on which we live. The basic principles of this complete medical system are:
- Yin and Yang
- Vital substances
- Five elements
- Causes of disharmony
The Chinese have a concept of vital energy known as “Chi” (or “Qi”) which is the basis of all life. In the body, Chi is transported via the 12 major energetic pathways known as ‘meridians’. Though these meridians cannot be seen with the naked eye, modern science has proven their existence through electronic detection. Each meridian connects to one of the major organs, and the Chi is said to provide power to that particular organ, enabling effective functioning.
For example, the path of the heart meridian travels from the heart to the armpit, and down to the inside of the arm to the little finger. This explains why some individuals with heart related conditions or disorders express a tingling feeling running down the arm and into the fingers.
According to Chinese medicine, Chi is regulated by the inter-dependant forces of Yin and Yang. The Chinese symbol for Yin literally means ‘the dark side of the mountain’, and as such represents the following qualities:
The Chinese symbol for Yang translates to ‘the sunny side of the mountain’, and therefore represents the opposite qualities of Yin:
A person’s constitution, or the nature of the disease he is suffering from is determined by the aspects of Yin and Yang. Harmony and balance of this union yields a healthy state, whereas excess/deficiency of either Yin or Yang is thought to lead to illness.